The Singapore Medical Journal (SMJ) is the monthly publication of Singapore Medical Association (SMA). The Journal aims to advance medical practice and clinical research by publishing high-quality articles that add to the clinical knowledge of physicians in Singapore and worldwide.

SMJ is a general medical journal that focuses on all aspects of human health. The Journal publishes commissioned reviews, commentaries and editorials, original research, a small number of outstanding case reports, continuing medical education articles (ECG Series, Clinics in Diagnostic Imaging, Pictorial Essays, Practice Integration & Life-long Learning [PILL] Series), and short communications in the form of letters to the editor.

ISSN: 0037-5675
DOI: 10.11622/smedj

2018 Journal Impact Factor: 1.141

Indexed in: MEDLINE, PubMed, Scopus, WPRIM, Web of Science, EBSCOhost
Member of: APAME, SAMJE, MASEAN GOJ, CrossRef



Editor-in-Chief: A/Prof Poh Kian Keong

Deputy Editors: Dr Ang Tiing Leong, A/Prof Mahesh Choolani 

Advisors: Prof Wilfred CG Peh, Prof Teo Eng Kiong

Specialty Editors:

Dr Chan Yiong Huak
A/Prof Kevin Lim Boon Leong
Adj Asst Prof Tan Li Hoon
Dr Chia Pow-Li
Dr Joshua PY Loh
Prof Tan Puay Hoon
Dr Chuah Khoon Leong
Dr Pwee Keng Ho
A/Prof Tan Su-Ming
Dr How Choon How
Prof Quak Seng Hock
A/Prof Tan Tong Khee
Prof Hsu Pon Poh
Dr Ramani NV
Dr Darren Tay Keng Jin
Dr Devendra Kanagalingam
Adj A/Prof Sim Kang
A/Prof Samuel Tay Sam Wah
Dr William KF Kong
Dr Sitoh Yih Yian
A/Prof Cuthbert Teo
Dr Dave Lee Yee Han
Dr Benedict Tan Chi Loong
Dr Shawn Vasoo
Dr Katy Leung Ying Ying
Dr Tan Cher Heng
Dr Wang Yu Tien
Dr Liau Kui Hin
Prof Kelvin Tan Kok Hian
Prof Wong Wai Keong

International Corresponding Editors

Prof Jafri Malin Abdullah (Malaysia)
A/Prof Judy Wei-Ming Hung (USA)
Prof Malai Muttarak (Thailand)
Prof Ng Kwan-Hoong (Malaysia)
Prof Tan Siang Yong (USA)


President, SMA: Dr Lee Yik Voon
Honorary General Secretary, SMA: Dr Lim Kheng Choon


Dr Gwee Ah Leng (1960-1971)
Dr Tan Kheng Khoo (1971-1975)
Prof Lim Pin (1975-1978)
Prof Feng Pao Hsii (1978-1987)
Prof Chee Yam Cheng (1988-1995)
Prof Tan Choon Kim (1995-1996)
Prof Kua Ee Heok (1996-1999)
Prof C Rajasoorya (2000-2003)
Prof WIlfred CG Peh (2004-2009)
Prof Teo Eng Kiong (2010-2013)


The Editorial Office can be contacted at:

The Editor
Singapore Medical Journal
Singapore Medical Association
2985 Jalan Bukit Merah
#02-2C, SMF Building
Singapore 159457
Tel: (65) 6223 1264
Fax: (65) 6252 9693

For Subscription and Advertising enquiries:

Li Li Loy
Tel: (65) 6540 9174

Disclaimer: The statements and opinions expressed in the SMJ reflect the views of the authors, and do not necessarily represent those of the SMJ editorial board or the Singapore Medical Association (SMA), unless this is clearly specified. SMA does not, and cannot, accept responsibility for the veracity, accuracy or completeness of any statement, opinion or advice contained in the text or advertisements published in the SMJ. Advertisements of products and services that appear in the SMJ do not imply endorsement for the products and services by SMA.

All articles published in the Singapore Medical Journal (SMJ) are protected by copyright. No material in this journal may be reproduced on any platform including electronic or in print, or transmitted by any means, in whole or in part, without the prior written permission of the Editor of the SMJ.
Written permission must also be obtained before any part of the SMJ is stored in any retrieval system of any nature.