Share this Article
Wong MTC, Ng KH, Lim JF, Ooi BS, Tang CL, Eu KW
Correspondence: Prof Eu Kong Weng, email@example.com
Introduction Evidence from randomised controlled trials has shown that laparoscopic colon and rectal cancer resection not only confers short-term benefits but also does not differ considerably in terms of its long-term oncological outcomes, as compared with open surgery.
Methods All laparoscopic colon and rectal resections performed between January 2005 and December 2007 were included. Patient records were reviewed from a prospective database and the relevant clinical data was obtained, with a subgroup analysis of cancer procedures performed.
Results 418 patients (247 male), median age 63 years (range 24 to 88), underwent laparoscopic resection of the colon and rectum. The median Body Mass Index (BMI) was 22.5 (range 13.5 to 39.3). The majority of the procedures were performed for malignant disease (81.3 percent) and the most common procedure was anterior resection (79.4 percent). The median duration of surgery was 135 minutes (range 65 to 330), with conversions to open surgery in 44 patients (10.5 percent). Complications occurred in 78 patients (18.7 percent), including anastomotic leaks in five (1.20 percent). The median length of hospital stay was five days (range 3 to 90) and the median follow-up was 19 months (range 1 to 46). In the 340 patients with malignant disease, the median number of lymph nodes harvested was 13 (range 5 to 48), and at the latest review, 230 patients (67.6 percent) were disease-free, with locoregional recurrence in 2.9 percent and systemic recurrence in 10 percent.
Conclusion To date, this is the largest series of laparoscopic colorectal resections reported locally, and our results show that it is safe, feasible and produces favourable results.
Keywords: benign, colon, laparoscopic, malignant, minimally invasive, rectum
Singapore Med J 2010; 51(8): 650-654