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WS Lee, TL Chan, MT Koh, WA Ariffin, HP Lin
Correspondence: Dr Lee Way Seah, firstname.lastname@example.org
Two children with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) as the presenting illness of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are described. There was a delay in diagnosing the underlying AIDS in both cases. In the first case, an 18-month-old boy with stage IV, high-grade,T-cell NHL, the diagnosis of underlying AIDS was suspected only when he developed recurrent and profound opportunistic infection during chemotherapy. The second case, an eight-month-old female infant presented initially with hepatosplenomegaly and thrombocytopenia of undetermined cause. She had progressive abdominal distension and swelling of her right eye one year later due to high grade B-cell NHL. She was later found to be sero-positive for HIV during pre-chemotherapy screening. As the prevalence of HIV infection continues to increase, HIV infection should be considered in the differential diagnoses of childhood hepatosplenomegaly and thrombocytopenia, and as a possible underlying cause of childhood cancer, especially NHL.
Keywords: non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, AIDS, childhood
Singapore Med J 2001; 42(11): 530-533