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M Azeemuddin, T Ul-Haq, H Ahsan, WA Memon
Correspondence: Dr Muhammad Azeemuddin, email@example.com
A 19-year-old man presented with cough and haemoptysis of ten days duration. He also had mild right hypochondrial pain. Chest radiograph and computed tomography (CT) showed a rounded soft tissue density opacity with an air crescent sign. CT showed multiple cystic lesions in the liver with a daughter cyst in its lateral wall. Diagnosis of hydatid disease of lung and liver was made. The contents of the liver cyst were aspirated, hypertonic saline instilled, re-aspirated, and absolute alcohol injected. Hydatid disease is endemic in certain parts of the world. Although the lungs and liver are most frequently affected, the disease can arise in any part of the body and should be kept in differential diagnosis whenever a cystic lesion is encountered. Hydatid cysts typically demonstrate characteristic imaging findings, however, the appearances may become complicated due to cyst rupture or secondary infection. Ultrasonography is the imaging modality of choice particularly in hepatic disease. CT best demonstrates cyst wall calcification and cyst infection.
Keywords: echinococcosis, hepatic hydatodosis, hydatid cyst, hydatid disease, liver disease
Singapore Med J 2005; 46(2): 93-100