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SCS Low, AK Sinha, FX Sundram
Correspondence: Dr Felix X Sundram, email@example.com
Carcinoma of the thyroid arising in an autonomously functioning or "hot" nodule is uncommon. The majority of thyroid carcinomas present as a "cold" nodule on radionuclide scintigraphy. We report a poorly-differentiated thyroid carcinoma developing in a long-standing "hot" nodule in a 51-year-old Chinese woman. Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) showed focal FDG uptake in the thyroid nodule, as well as in the cervical and pulmonary hilar lymph nodes. This case illustrates that the incidence of thyroid carcinoma in a "hot" nodule is not negligible. The role of FDG PET in the differentiation of benign from malignant thyroid nodules is still unclear. In contrast, FDG PET has been shown to have a role in the follow-up of thyroid cancer patients after thyroidectomy and subsequent radioactive iodine-131 (I-131) ablation. It may be useful in the identification and localisation of recurrent cancer foci in patients with elevated thyroglobulin levels but a negative I-131 whole body scan.
Keywords: positron emission tomography, radionuclide imaging, thyroid gland, thyroid neoplasm, thyroid nodule
Singapore Med J 2005; 46(6): 304-307