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Avadhani A, Rao PS, Rao SK
Correspondence: Dr Ashwin Avadhani, email@example.com
Introduction The aim of this research was to study the effect of the tibial tunnel position in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) grafts in ensuring optimal knee functioning.
Methods A prospective study was conducted on 41 patients who underwent arthroscopically assisted ACL reconstruction using a BPTB graft and who were followed up for a minimum period of two years. The radiographic position of the tibial tunnel was compared with the clinical outcome using the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) and modified Lysholm knee scores at two years after surgery.
Results Six out of eight patients with a fair outcome based on the modified Lysholm score and five out of eight patients with an abnormal outcome based on the IKDC score had their tibial tunnel within the 10 percent to 25 percent antero-posterior width of the tibial plateau. The tibial tunnel of patients with a fair Lysholm outcome (mean 22.2 percent) was significantly anterior compared to that of those with an excellent (mean 38.1 percent) and good (mean 34.1 percent) outcome (p is less than 0.01). The analysis using the IKDC score showed a similar trend.
Conclusion Placing the tibial tunnel in the anterior 25 percent of the tibial plateau is associated with a poor knee outcome. More predictable results can be achieved through 35 percent to 46 percent anteroposterior placement of the tibial tunnel.
Keywords: anterior cruciate ligament, bone-patellar tendon-bone graft, treatment outcome
Singapore Med J 2010; 51(5): 413-417