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Gill SS, Sebastian MG, Tan SG, Chia KH, Tan BS, Tay KH
Correspondence: Dr Mathew George Sebastian, firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction Endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) has gained prominence as a means of treating aortic disease, with lower perioperative morbidity and mortality compared to open surgery. This article aimed to describe the experience of two tertiary hospitals in a Southeast Asian population.
Methods A retrospective review of 100 consecutive patients undergoing EVAR in two hospitals in Singapore was conducted. This included patients undergoing elective as well as emergency repair.
Results The mean duration of follow-up was 31.8 months. The mean aneurysm size was 6.3 cm and the mean length of stay was 12.1 days. 64 percent of the patients were of American Society of Anesthesiologists class III or above. The deployment success was 98 percent. Major complications (acute myocardial infarction, pneumonia, cerebrovascular accidents, renal failure, colonic infarction and spinal cord infarction) occurred in 18 patients. Perioperative mortality occurred in six percent of cases. The endoleak rate was 28 percent. Both patients with colonic infarction had a single patent internal iliac artery post-procedure, and end-stage renal failure.
Conclusion Our results are comparable to published experiences in aortic stenting. Our population possibly had a higher incidence of short common iliac arteries. Revascularisation of internal iliac arteries should be considered for patients with end-stage renal failure and a single patent internal iliac artery.
Keywords: aorta, aortic aneurysm, aortic stent, endovascular aortic repair
Singapore Med J 2009; 50(8): 768-771