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Lee CK, Kwan MK, Merican AM, Ng WM, Saw LB, Teh KK, Krishnan M, Ramiah R
Correspondence: Dr Lee Chee Kean, email@example.com
INTRODUCTION Hip arthroplasty is commonly performed worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine the diameter of the femoral head in the Malaysian population in relation to gender and race (i.e. among Malay, Chinese and Indian patients).
METHODS This was a retrospective cross-sectional study performed between January 1995 and December 2006, evaluating the femoral head diameters of all patients aged 50 years and above who underwent hemiarthroplasty at two major hospitals in Malaysia.
RESULTS A total of 945 femoral heads (663 women, 282 men) were evaluated. The mean age of the patients in our cohort was 75.2 ± 9.4 (range 50–101) years. The mean femoral head diameter (with intact articular cartilage) was 44.9 ± 3.2 (range 38–54) mm. In our study, men had a significantly larger mean femoral head diameter than women (47.7 ± 2.8 mm vs. 43.7 ± 2.4 mm; p < 0.05). Patients of Chinese ethnicity were also found to have significantly larger femoral head diameters, when compared among the three races studied (p < 0.05).
CONCLUSION Malaysians have a mean femoral head diameter of 44.9 ± 3.2 mm. Among our patients, Chinese patients had a significantly larger femoral head size than Malay and Indian patients. We also found that, in our cohort, men had significantly larger femoral head diameters than women.
Keywords: Chinese, femoral head diameter, Indian, Malay, Malaysia
Singapore Med J 2014; 55(8): 436-438; http://dx.doi.org/10.11622/smedj.2014103
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