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LK Tan, R Suri, HL Lim, SK Ong
Correspondence: Dr Tan Lip Kun
Immunoglobulin (Ig) D multiple myeloma is a rare presentation, usually with an aggressive course and a poorer prognosis. It accounts for about 1-2% of newly diagnosed mulitple myeloma patients. Due to its rarity, reports on Ig D multiple myeloma are limited in the literature. We therefore present 4 cases of Ig D multiple myeloma in our hospital over a period of 8 years between 1990 to 1998. The average age of presentation of our patients was 44 years old with a female preponderance. Common presenting symptoms were appetite and weight loss and bone pain. Two patients presented with neurological symptoms and 2 with renal impairment. Three patients had an associated lambda paraproteinaemia and the fourth had a kappa paraproteinaemia. A common finding in Ig D myeloma is a small or no spike seen on serum electrophoresis together with heavy Bence Jones proteinuria. A review of the literature on Ig D myeloma is also presented.
Keywords: Ig D, multiple myeloma
Singapore Med J 2000; 41(10): 500-503