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SC Ong, DCE Ng, FX Sundram
Correspondence: Dr Seng Chuan Ong, email@example.com
Introduction This study aims to examine the usefulness of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in thyroid carcinoma patients with elevated serum thyroglobulin (Tg) but negative iodine-131 (I-131) whole body scans.
Methods 17 patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma who underwent FDG PET/CT scans were reviewed retrospectively over a period of one year from July 2003 to June 2004. All these patients had completion thyroidectomy and subsequently presented with elevated serum Tg but negative post-therapy I-131 whole body scans. Nine of these patients underwent FDG PET/CT in a hypothyroid state, while the remainder underwent FDG PET/CT while on thyroxine replacement.
Results 15 out of 17 PET/CT scans revealed lesions consistent with metastases, giving a sensitivity of 88.2 percent. Four of these patients were amendable to surgical treatment. Two scans were negative.
Conclusion FDG PET/CT is a sensitive diagnostic tool to detect radioiodine-negative recurrences/metastases in patients with thyroid carcinoma. Our preliminary results are comparable with published results based on PET.
Keywords: computed tomography, fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose, positron emission tomography, thyroglobulin, thyroid cancer
Singapore Med J 2005; 46(6): 297-301