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Wai CT, Da Costa M, Sutedja D, Lee YM, Lee KH, Tan KC, Isaac J, Wee A, Prabhakaran K, Lim SG
Correspondence: Dr Seng-Gee Lim, firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction Liver disease from chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and C (CHC) constitutes 57 percent of adult liver transplant in Singapore. Their long-term results post-transplant may be affected by recurrence of the viral illness. This study aims to evaluate the long-term results and survival in patients transplanted for CHB- and CHC-related liver disease.
Methods Patients transplanted for CHB- and CHC-related disease from 1990 until March 2004, which included decompensated cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), were reviewed and analysed.
Results 25 patients were transplanted for CHB-related liver disease, with mean follow-up of 153 +/- 25 weeks. Two- and four-year survival rates were 75 percent and 69 percent, respectively. Hepatitis B recurrence from YMDD mutants occurred in five patients, and four were treated successfully with adefovir dipivoxil, with resolution in transaminases and/or improvement in histology. One patient became non-compliant with follow-up and medications, and died 173 weeks post-transplant from reactivation of the wild-type hepatitis B virus. Nine patients were transplanted for CHC-related liver disease, with mean follow-up of 188 +/- 40 weeks, and two- and four-year survival rates of 89 percent and 76 percent, respectively. Two patients developed hepatitis C recurrence and were treated with interferon and ribavarin. One responded with sustained response but the other remained viraemic and died of HCC recurrence two years post-transplant.
Conclusion Long-term results from CHB- and CHC-related liver diseases were satisfactory and comparable to major transplant centres in the USA and Europe. Recurrence of viral hepatitis post-transplant is controllable with current antiviral therapy.
Keywords: anti-viral agents, chronic hepatitis B, chronic hepatitis C, hepatitis, lamivudine, liver transplantation
Singapore Med J 2006; 47(7): 588-591