Share this Article
SC Lim, CE Tan, TC Aw, D Khoo, P Eng, SC Ho, ES Tai, A Fok
Correspondence: Dr S C Lim
We report a case of an 80-year-old man with osteoblastic metastases from advanced carcinoma of the prostate presenting with a grand mal seizure resulting from severe hypocalcaemia. He had low serum phosphate and ionised calcium levels, elevated serum skeletal alkaline phosphatase and intact parathormone levels. 99mTc radioisotope bone scan revealed a "super bone scan" suggestive of osteomalacia. The serum 1, 25-dihydroxycholecalciferol level was unexpectedly elevated. The biochemical abnormalities persisted despite high dose calcium replacement, but improved with supraphysiological doses of 1,25 (OH)2 vitamin D3 (Rocaltrol) therapy. We hypothesise that the hypocalcaemia in this patient was due to vitamin D resistance secondary to a humoral factor secreted by the tumour.
Keywords: hypocalcaemia, hypophosphatemia, oncogenic osteomalacia
Singapore Med J 2000; 41(2): 74-76