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Qi J, Gu ZQ, Chen F, Zhang L, Chen JH
Correspondence: Dr Zheng-Qin Gu, email@example.com
Retroperitoneal chylous effusion after urological surgery is a rare and serious complication. Failure in treatment may result in cachexia, threatening the life of the patient. We present the treatment of two cases of postoperative chyloretroperitoneum with the use of somatostatin, octreotide and total parenteral nutrition. In Case 1, an 87-year-old man, a retroperitoneal lymphatic fistula occurred four days after the resection of the left kidney due to carcinoma, whereas in Case 2, a 56-year-old man, a continuous lymph fistula from the renal fossa occurred one month after resection of the right adrenal pheochromocytoma. Case 1 was treated with intravenous administration of somatostatin, and in Case 2, treatment consisted of subcutaneous administration of octreotide, in combination with total parenteral nutrition and other symptomatic therapies. In both cases, lymph exudation was terminated in about two weeks, and the patients recovered. Somatostatin therapy and total parenteral nutrition can effectively treat chyloretroperitoneum.
Keywords: chylous effusion, chyloretroperi-toneum, octreotide , postoperative chyloretroperitoneum, somatostatin, total parenteral nutrition
Singapore Med J 2009; 50(9): e338-e341