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SS Nathan, HH Lim, HF See
Correspondence: Dr S S Nathan
The tibia is a subcutaneous bone. Operative fixation of tibial fractures is a demanding undertaking. Thirty-five patients with 36 tibial fractures were admitted to our institution between May 1995 and April 1996. The patients were predominantly male (male to female ratio of 4) and the average age of the patients was 31.4 years (range 14 to 67 years). Ten fractures were located in the proximal third, 18 in the middle third and 8 in the distal third. The indications for operation included displaced intra-articular fragments, failed conservative treatment, compartment syndrome, multiple fractures and unstable fracture configuration. Operative procedures included plating in 29 cases and nailing in 7 cases. These patients were reviewed retrospectively and assessed for complications and radiological and functional outcome. The overall results were satisfactory in 88.9% and poor in 11.1%. The complications were reviewed and various factors affecting the incidences analysed. Three deep infections occurred. All were found after discharge from inpatient care. A prolonged interval between admission and surgery as well as high energy of impact are thought to be the main contributing factors.
Keywords: closed tibial fractures, operative treatment
Singapore Med J 2000; 41(3): 107-110