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Lai NM, Tan ML, Quah SY, Tan EL, Foong KW
Correspondence: Dr Lai Nai Ming, email@example.com
Introduction We conducted a retrospective audit on the inpatient assessment and care of children admitted with febrile convulsion to Hospital Batu Pahat, a district hospital in Malaysia, using the Malaysian national clinical practice guidelines and the American Academy of Paediatrics practice parameters on febrile convulsion as the reference standards.
Methods The case notes of 100 consecutive children admitted in 2004 were analysed. The documentation of major clinical features, selection of investigations, the timeliness of antipyresis and frequency of parental education were evaluated.
Results In general, the major clinical features that were relevant to the presenting problem were adequately documented, although fever was not mentioned as a presenting complaint in one quarter of the cases. On an average, about five investigations were ordered for every patient on admission. There was no major difference in the number of investigations conducted between children who were more severely ill and the rest of the patients. The majority of the investigations did not yield any useful diagnostic information. Only 38 percent of the children received antipyretics and 53 percent were tepid-sponged during fever, with 23 percent having received tepid-sponging without concurrently receiving antipyretics. No parental education on febrile convulsion was recorded in half of the cases.
Conclusion Excessive unjustified investigations, deficient antipyresis when required and inadequate communication with the family of children with febrile convulsion were observed. Awareness of such deficiencies from this audit should lead to regular staff education, monitoring and future audits in order to improve the quality of our clinical care.
Keywords: clinical audit, febrile seizures, fever
Singapore Med J 2010; 51(9): 724-729