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Shams S, Asheri H, Kianmehr A, Ziaee V, Koochakzadeh L, Monajemzadeh M, Nouri M, Irani H, Gholami N
Correspondence: Dr Sedigheh Shams, firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction Female adolescents and adults are among the population groups who are most affected by iron deficiency. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia in female students aged 18 to 25 years old from the Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
Methods 295 female university students participated in the study. The mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and haemoglobin (Hb), serum ferritin, serum iron and total iron binding capacity (TIBC) levels were measured. Iron deficiency anaemia was defined as a situation where Hb is less than 12 g/dL, MCV is less than 78 µm3, ferritin is less than 12 ng/ml or transferin saturation (TS) (iron/TIBC × 100) is less than 15 percent, Iron deficiency (ID) was defined as a situation where Hb is greater than or equal to 12 g/dL, MCV is greater than or equal to 74 µm3, ferritin is less than 12 ng/ml or TS is less than 15 percent.
Results The complete data was available for 237 students. The prevalence of ID was 40.9 percent and that of IDA was 3.8 percent. Normal iron status was found in 49.8 percent of the subjects. The remaining (5.5 percent) had other kinds of anaemia or required confirmatory tests.
Conclusion ID is common among 18 to 25-year-old Iranian female university students. Iron supplementation is thus required for the target group.
Keywords: adult females, iron deficiency, iron deficiency anaemia, medical students
Singapore Med J 2010; 51(2): 116-119