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Jain K, Singh R
Correspondence: Dr Kowshik Jain, email@example.com
INTRODUCTION Arthroscopic excision of the hypertrophic dorsal synovium is performed on patients with dorsal wrist pain in hyperextension. Although dorsal wrist impingement has been described in cadaveric studies, to our knowledge, there is no published clinical data on its treatment with arthroscopic synovial excision. Herein, we present the results of arthroscopic management of this condition in our hospital.
METHOD A total of 13 patients underwent arthroscopic excision of the hypertrophic dorsal impinging synovium. All patients presented with the cardinal symptom of dorsal-radial wrist pain in extreme extension. The diagnoses were made after excluding other causes and confirmed on wrist arthroscopy. Arthroscopy was offered after nonoperative measures failed. The mean postoperative follow-up period was 14 (range 6–31) months.
RESULTS Mean pre- and postoperative quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand scores were 49 (range 34–82) and 17 (range 0–48), respectively; paired t-test revealed a significant difference between the two (p < 0.001). Mean postoperative flexion-extension arc and radial-ulnar deviation arc were 120º and 46º, respectively. Postoperatively, one patient developed complex regional pain syndrome, with tethering of the dorsal branch of the ulnar nerve, which required surgical release, while another patient required revision arthroscopic excision of the impinging tissue. Both patients had good postoperative outcomes.
CONCLUSION When treating patients with dorsal wrist pain, dorsal wrist impingement caused by synovial hypertrophy should be included in the differential diagnosis. Arthroscopic excision of the impinging synovium can achieve reliable pain relief with significant functional improvement in the short term, although further research on its long-term benefits is required.
Keywords: arthroscopic, impingement, pain, synovium, wrist
Singapore Med J 2014; 55(10): 547-549; http://dx.doi.org/10.11622/smedj.2014139
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