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FLS Tan, YM Tan, DTH Lim
Correspondence: Dr Yu-Meng Tan, firstname.lastname@example.org
Cystic adrenal lesions are common, but cystic pheochromocytomas are rare. In the setting of a cystic adrenal mass in a patient with multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome (MEN) IIB, the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma must be considered. We report a 29-year-old woman with typical phenotype of MEN IIB (marfanoid habitus, thick blubbery lips, mucosal ganglioneuromas) and a history of medullary thyroid carcinoma. She presented with headaches, palpitations and tremors. Computed tomography revealed a left cystic adrenal mass. The likelihood of the lesion being a pheochromocytoma was thought to be low due to its cystic appearance. However, urine ephinephrine and metanephrine levels were elevated. She underwent a left adrenalectomy and histological examination revealed a cystic pheochromocytoma.
Keywords: adrenal medulla, adrenal gland neoplasms, multiple endocrine neoplasia type IIB, pheochromocytoma
Singapore Med J 2004; 45(10): 494-496