Share this Article
WS Teo, R Kam, LF Hsu
Correspondence: W S Teo, Teo_Wee_Siong@nhc.com.sg
Objective Patients with heart failure may have conduction abnormalities in up to 30%, further aggravating cardiac output. Drugs worsen these abnormalities and resynchronisation therapy with biventricular pacing improves cardiac function by effecting a more coordinated and efficient ventricular contraction. We report here the technique of biventricular pacing and its results.
Methodology Patients with NYHA Class III to IV heart failure, widened QRS (> or = 130 ms) complex on the ECG and impaired LVEF < or = 40% were enrolled.
Results Biventricular pacing was performed in 29 patients (26 males, three females) from August 1999 to December 2001. The mean age of the patients was 59.6 +/- 12.8 years and 62% had underlying ischemic heart disease. All were in NYHA class III or more. Twenty-three had LBBB, four RBBB and two had widened paced QRS complex. The QRS duration was 161 +/- 21 ms and LVEF was 22 +/- 8%. All the left ventricular leads were implanted successfully. The procedure time was 167.0 +/- 79.6 mins and the fluoroscopy time was 43.8 +/- 41.4 mins. There were no significant complications. The NYHA class improved from a mean of 3.1 to 2.0 and exercise time from 252 +/- 95 seconds to 392 +/- 152 seconds at six months post implant (p=0.049). On follow-up (one month to 28 months), 25 (86%) patients had improvement in heart failure symptoms and 26 (90%) of the patients remained alive.
Conclusion Biventricular pacing can be safely performed and results in improvement in symptoms and exercise tolerance in heart failure patients with ventricular dyssynchrony not responding to drug therapy.
Keywords: biventricular pacing, pacemaker, defibrillator, heart failure, arrhythmia
Singapore Med J 2003; 44(3): 114-122