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Tan YK, Lai HK, Chong YY
Correspondence: Dr Tan York Kiat, email@example.com
Radiosynovectomy is a local and minimally invasive radiotherapy for treating various chronic inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and haemophilic arthropathy. In haemophilic arthropathy, it reduces the frequency of haemarthrosis and delays the development of severe joint destruction, which ultimately requires surgical intervention. Its role in warfarin-related haemarthrosis is less clear. Haemarthrosis is an uncommon complication of warfarin use, and anticoagulation may need to be discontinued. We describe yttrium-90 radiosynovectomy use in a 74-year-old man with underlying ischaemic heart disease, atrial fibrillation, previous embolic stroke and recurrent haemarthrosis of an osteoarthritic right knee. Anticoagulation was vital and could not be permanently stopped. Due to continuing anticoagulation, he had multiple hospitalisations with recurrent right knee haemarthrosis. Intraarticular right knee yttrium-90 citrate colloid injection led to a cessation of haemarthrosis for eight months. We examined the available literature for the role of radiosynovectomy in such circumstances.
Keywords: arthritis, haemarthrosis, radiosynovectomy, warfarin
Singapore Med J 2011; 52(9): e184–e186