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Hemoclips® are devices used for the purpose of ligating blood vessels to reduce loss of blood. They are widely used in general, cardiothoracic, and plastic and reconstructive surgery,(1-4) as well as in a wide variety of other disciplines. However, the general small size, light weight and wide variety of shapes of Hemoclips and their loading systems may make it difficult to quickly and efficiently load the clips. Hence, we would like to share an easier Hemoclip loading technique.
Photograph shows Hemoclip arrangement on the dorsum of the gloved hand.
The technique begins with the preparation of the adhesive agent from the manufacturer (if the manufacturer does not provide an adhesive agent with the loading system, a hypoallergenic adhesive agent like Mastisol® may be used). The surface of the loading system with the adhesive agent is then adhered to the dorsum of the gloved hand. Subsequently, different varieties of Hemoclips can be arranged neatly on the dorsum of the gloved hand (
The effectiveness and safety of this technique can be seen in our previous study,(5) which was completed with our attending surgeons, residents and surgical assistants at two participating centres. In this study, it was shown that after a two-hour training session, this technique resulted in a statistically significant decrease in the time of application of the Hemoclips, two weeks after the study initiation. As it also requires less mental effort and workload, this technique could allow surgeons greater cognitive resources for dealing with other demands of surgery.(6) Furthermore, there were no additional safety issues for the surgical team and patient.
One thing that should be noted is the possibility of the integrity of the glove being compromised during the learning phase (i.e. two weeks) for this technique. However, this was a small and insignificant increase, and can be easily mitigated through the use of a modified glove (i.e. with a thicker dorsum area), an additional glove, or through an extended learning phase (by practising on models).
We would like to thank the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Duke University Medical Centre, for their education and advice.
|1. Chassin JL, Henselmann C. Chassin's Operative Strategy in General Surgery: An Expositive Atlas. 1st ed. New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2011.
|2. Williams NS, Bulstrode CJ, O'Connell PR. Bailey & Love's short practice of surgery. 25th ed. London: CRC Press, 2008.
|3. Kaiser L, Kron IL, Spray TL. Mastery of Cardiothoracic Surgery. 3rd ed. Pennsylvania: LWW, 2013.
|4. Neligan PC, Buck DW. Core Procedures in Plastic Surgery. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders, 2013.
|5. Chua S, et al. Pilot study with Repeated measures design on the safety and efficacy of Dorsum method of loading of hemoclips in surgery: A two center study. Report no: 54. International Forum on Quality and Safety in Healthcare: Asia, 2015.
|6. Moore LJ, Wilson MR, McGrath JS, et al. Surgeons' display reduced mental effort and workload while performing robotically assisted surgical tasks, when compared to conventional laparoscopy. Surg Endosc 2014; 29:2553-60.